|An African-American middle-class family|
The article continues: "Another avenue that slows ascension is poor education. In early childhood, 56 percent of black 5-year-olds possess adequate pre-reading and math skills and demonstrate behaviors considered 'school-appropriate,' compared with 61 percent of Hispanics and 68 percent of whites. The road ahead for blacks is riddled with obstacles. By age 11, only 52 percent of black kids have adequate English and math skills, compared with 73 percent of white youngsters. By high school, 39 percent of blacks graduate with a 2.5 grade-point average; have no conviction for a criminal offense; or exit their teens without becoming a parent."
Booker Rising response: The formula to being middle-class in America isn't rocket science: (1) graduate from high school; (2) don't have children until after you get married; (3) don't do anything that will land you in jail; (4) don't acquire a drug habit; and (5) have a decent work ethic. Americans who are chronically poor typically flunk three or more of these indicators.