The Emory University history professor continues about the decline of white moderate Democratic politics: "Southern Republicans had a terrible time [back in the 1960s through 1980s] trying to defeat moderate white Democrats who portrayed the G.O.P. as the country club party, one that was out of touch with the concerns of decent working people. These days, however, you’ve got a generation of working class folks in the Deep South who have no memory of the Southern Democratic parties that produced Jimmy Carter and Bill Clinton. Of course, redistricting is not the only issue contributing to the collapse of the Democratic Party in the Deep South, but it is an important one. Today, when Southern Republican candidates go in front of white working-class audiences in the Deep South and tell them that the Democrats are the party of welfare, the party of the 'dependent class,' there are no viable moderate Democratic candidates on the ballot to tell them otherwise."